Georgy Fomenko, Marina Fomenko. Environmental development strategy for old-developed regions: example of Yaroslavl region
In the article, on the example of the developed Environmental strategy of the Yaroslavl region, a conjugate analysis of the priority problems of the region, taking into account the external context and global sustainable development Goals, formulated the main environmental problems of the Yaroslavl region, as well as selected mechanisms for their implementation and performance indicators.
The article shows that the development of environmental strategies earlier developed regions, considered as a complex nonequilibrium antropometria complexes of different levels of territorial organizations, should consider the evolution in the understanding of environmental problems as systemic problems of territorial development; enhancing the role of goal setting and focusing on the implementation of the global sdgs and national priorities; the inclusion of the region in the transfer of new green technologies. All this implies a transition from an industry-specific approach to an ecosystem approach.
The main attention should be paid to assessing the status and dynamics of natural capital value as a geographically well-defined set of ecosystem services and minimise the environmental risks generated by economic and other activities. As the experience of the Yaroslavl region, as the key priorities of ecological development of the region's old-fields may be considered: a gradual decrease in the economic value of natural capital; the increasing environmental vulnerability of cities; increasing ecological and social vulnerability of rural settlements. Goals and objectives are specified on these issues; activities and indicators of their implementation are outlined. As an information platform, it is advisable to use the methodology of natural and economic accounting (SPES).